Woman is climbing the stairs

Keeping active

10 June 2020

Hello, we are Lynne and Emma, specialist pancreatic cancer nurses.

This is a guest blog from Dr Dominic O’Connor who is a research fellow at Queens University in Belfast and is a cancer exercise specialist. He provides information on the benefits of exercise and some useful resources that can help.

Exercise and pancreatic cancer

We all know physical activity and exercise are important for our health. It can improve our fitness, strength and mental wellbeing. Exercise is just as, if not more important for people with a pancreatic cancer diagnosis to help prepare for treatment and deal with its side effects. However, most people find it hard to exercise lots. People with cancer can also face extra challenges, with increasing fatigue levels from treatment. The desire to lie down all day can make fatigue worse, and heighten depression and anxiety.

New cancer guidelines from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommend achievable levels of aerobic (a minimum of 30 minutes, three times per week) and strengthening activities (twice per week). Aerobic activities increase your heart and breathing rate, and include things like walking, climbing stairs and cycling. Strengthening activities increase the strength of your muscles, and include things like lifting weights, repeatedly getting up from a chair and also climbing stairs. You can find examples of exercises you could try below. Building up to this amount of exercise each week whilst undergoing treatment has a host of benefits including:

  • improved physical function (for example, being able to walk further, or finding it easier to get up out of a chair)
  • reduced fatigue
  • reduced anxiety
  • reduced depressive symptoms
  • improved quality of your daily life.

Now is a great time to help build some strength and maintain your fitness levels in preparation for your treatment. This may help you cope better with the treatment. Discuss exercise with your doctor before starting – as everyone is different, asking about any precautions you should consider will make exercising as safe as possible.

Getting started at home

Many people believe that strengthening activities are only possible in gyms with fancy equipment. For people with cancer, home-based exercise can be safely carried out with no equipment. Exercising at home may be daunting if you don’t know what to do. These are some simple but effective exercises that can be completed using no equipment.

  • Marching on the spot, repeated in intervals of 30 seconds to 1 minute with an equal length of rest is a good way to start working the heart and lungs.
  • Repeated “sit to stands”, where you stand up from sitting on a chair, can be done 8 to 12 times. Do these several times per day to help strengthen your legs.
  • If you have stairs in your home, going up and down these several times per day is also a great way to build some strength and endurance in your legs.
  • You can also use household items such as cans of food or filled water bottles as weights, to help strengthen your upper body.

These exercises may be alien to you. But there are wonderful online resources to help you achieve your exercise goals. Cancer exercise service providers such as Macmillan Cancer Support have developed great resources including a series of exercise videos by Professor Anna Campbell. These videos include the exercises mentioned above and can be done without the need of any equipment. Macmillan Move More coordinators from Northern Ireland (NI) have also uploaded videos to the Move More NI YouTube page, which includes exercise for all abilities.

If you would like to talk about your exercise needs with a professional, the new SafeFit service, which has recently been launched by Macmillan in partnership with CanRehab and several NHS Trusts, provides a free, remote exercise service to people with cancer in the UK. This service refers you to a cancer exercise specialist who can provide expert advice on how to exercise safely at home and innovative and tailored ways to exercise. If they don’t currently have capacity, do keep checking their website. Supervised services will be especially important for people following surgery, who may need more specific tailored exercise to minimise pain and discomfort.


  1. Remember to warm up – this should last around 10 minutes and get your heart rate up.
  2. Try to exercise at the same time each day – make exercise a routine.
  3. Try some of the online exercise videos above from qualified professionals to be done at home.
  4. The new remote SafeFit service may be able to pair you with a cancer exercise specialist to help you remain active safely at home through tailored exercise.
  5. Remember to cool down – include stretching, which is a great way to include flexibility exercise and keep muscles and joints healthy.

Thanks to Dr Dominic O’Connor for his advice on exercise. We hope you have found this helpful.

We recognise that things can be tough. Remember, we are here at Pancreatic Cancer UK to support you. If you need any help or information then you can contact our Support Line nurses.

As always thank you for reading our blog.

Lynne & Emma

Updated: June 2022

To be reviewed: January 2023